“Hypertension is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels”.
the normal blood pressure is below 120 systolic and below 80 diastolic. It varies in males and females.
It is usually called as SILENT KILLER.
1.Primary Hypertension: it of unknown etiology.
2.Secondary Hypertension: it has known etiologic factors.
1.Physical inactivity which majorly leads to obesity.
2.A salt-rich diet through processed and fatty foods
3.Alcohol consumption and tobacco use.
4.low dietary potassium.
Apart from lifestyle factors gender, age, race also counts.
3.Blood vessels in eyes may rupture leading to blindness.
Diagnosis of hypertension is usually made by measuring it via sphygmomamoneter. Now a days digital devices are also being used. ECG is also measured to detect this particular disease.
The treatment includes:
1.restrict salt intake.
2.Moderation of alcohol consumption
3.High consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat
5.do exercise for atleast 40 min on daily basis.aerobic exercise is preferred.
6.Pharmacological therapy must be followed according to your physician.
1.Acupuncture, according to latest research, may leads in reduction of high blood pressure.
2.Coffee may harm cardiovascular health in adults with mild to moderate HTN.
3.vitamin D is supposed to be ineffective in treating HTN.